FDA Approves Bayer's Gadavist (gadobutrol) Injection for use with Magnetic Resonance Angiography of Supra-Aortic Arteries

Article Link: FDA Approves Bayer’s Gadavist (gadobutrol) Injection for use with Magnetic Resonance Angiography of Supra-Aortic Arteries

WHIPPANY, N.J., April 29, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — Bayer announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Gadavist (gadobutrol) injection for use with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) to evaluate known or suspected supra-aortic or renal artery disease in adult and pediatric patients (including term neonates).1 The FDA approval is based on the results of two, multi-center, Phase 3, open-label clinical studies – the GEMSAV study of patients with known, or suspected vascular disease, of the supra-aortic arteries and the GRAMS study of patients with known or suspected renal artery disease.1

“Until now, no contrast agents were FDA approved for use with MRA of the supra-aortic arteries,” said Dr. Elias Melhem, M.D., Chair, Department of Diagnostic Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, University of Maryland, and principal investigator for the GEMSAV study. “With FDA’s action, radiologists now have an approved MRA contrast agent to help visualize supra-aortic arteries in patients with known or suspected supra-aortic arterial disease, including conditions such as prior stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).”

In the GEMSAV and GRAMS studies, gadobutrol met the primary objective of superior assessability (ability to see more vessel segments) and non-inferior sensitivity and specificity as compared to non-contrast MRA. Gadobutrol-enhanced MRA demonstrated statistically significant higher assessability (visualization) versus non-contrast MRA images.

“Bayer is delighted to obtain FDA approval for the use of Gadavist for MRA to evaluate known or suspected supra-aortic or renal artery disease,” said Dennis Durmis, Vice President of Radiology Commercial Operations – Region Americas. “As an industry leader in contrast media, this is the third expansion of the Gadavist label in the past 24 months based on a robust clinical development program.”

About the Studies

The GEMSAV (Gadavist-Enhanced MRA of the Supra-Aortic Vessels) study evaluated 457 patients with known or suspected disease of the supra-aortic arteries. Efficacy was evaluated based on visualization and performance for distinguishing between normal and abnormal anatomy. Significant stenosis was defined as at least 70%.

Key findings of this open-label Phase 3 study, in which Gadavist was delivered at 1.5mL/second, include:

  • Gadavist MRA significantly improved visualization, or assessability, (range across three readers: 88-97%) as compared to unenhanced MRA (range across three readers: 24-82%).
  • Gadavist MRA specificity for exclusion of clinically significant disease (range across three readers: 92-97%) showed non-inferiority as compared to unenhanced MRA (range across three readers: 62-89%).
  • Gadavist MRA sensitivity (range across three readers: 58-60%) showed non-inferiority as compared to unenhanced MRA (range across three readers: 54-55%).
    • Low sensitivity for significant arterial stenosis. For all three supra-aortic artery readers, the lower bound of confidence for the sensitivity of Gadavist MRA for detecting arterial segments with significant stenosis did not exceed 54%. A negative MRA alone should not rule out significant stenosis.1

The GRAMS (Gadavist-Enhanced Renal Artery MRA) study evaluated 292 patients with known or suspected disease of the renal arteries. Efficacy was evaluated based on visualization and performance for distinguishing between normal and abnormal anatomy. Significant stenosis was defined as at least 50%.1

Key findings of this open-label Phase 3 study, in which Gadavist was delivered at 1.5mL/second, include:

  • Gadavist MRA significantly improved visualization, or assessability, (range across three readers: 96-98%) as compared to unenhanced MRA (range across three readers: 72-82%).
  • Gadavist MRA specificity for exclusion of clinically significant disease (range across three readers: 94-95%) showed non-inferiority as compared to unenhanced MRA (range across three readers: 81-85%).
  • Gadavist MRA sensitivity (range across three readers: 52-54%) showed non-inferiority as compared to unenhanced MRA (range across three readers: 39-51%).
    • Low sensitivity for significant arterial stenosis. For all three renal artery readers, the lower bound of confidence for the sensitivity of Gadavist MRA for detecting arterial segments with significant stenosis did not exceed 46%. A negative MRA alone should not rule out significant stenosis.
  • Gadavist MRA improved visualization of accessory renal arteries for surgical planning and renal donor evaluation as compared to unenhanced MRA. 1

Finally, overall the safety results from the two, Phase 3 MRA studies in patients with known or suspected arterial disease are consistent with the safety data observed in clinical trials in more than 6,000 subjects. The results support the benefit-risk profile of Gadavist for appropriate patients.

These studies are planned to be presented at medical meetings later this spring.

About Gadavist

Gadavist (gadobutrol) injection was first approved in the U.S. in March 2011 for intravenous use in diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adults and children (2 years of age and older) to detect and visualize areas with disrupted blood brain barrier and/or abnormal vascularity of the central nervous system. Gadavist was further approved in the U.S. in June 2014 for MRI of the breast to assess the presence and extent of malignant breast disease and in December 2014 for pediatric patients less than 2 years of age, including term neonates, to detect and visualize areas with disrupted blood brain barrier and/or abnormal vascularity of the central nervous system.

Gadavist, also known as Gadovist® and Gadovist® 1.0 in other regions, is the U.S. brand name of the aqueous 1.0M solution of gadobutrol, a gadolinium (Gd)-based extracellular contrast agent for MRI with a macrocyclic structure. The safety profile of Gadavist has been established in clinical trials involving 6,809 patients (including 184 pediatric patients ages 0-17). The safety and effectiveness of Gadavist have not been established in premature infants.

Bayer: Science For A Better Life

Bayer is a global enterprise with core competencies in the Life Science fields of health care and agriculture. Its products and services are designed to benefit people and improve their lives. At the same time, the Group aims to create value through innovation, growth and high earning power. Bayer is committed to the principles of sustainable development and to its social and ethical responsibilities as a corporate citizen. In fiscal 2015, the Group employed around 117,000 people and had sales of EUR 46.3 billion. Capital expenditures amounted to EUR 2.6 billion, R&D expenses to EUR 4.3 billion. These figures include those for the high-tech polymers business, which was floated on the stock market as an independent company named Covestro on October 6, 2015. For more information, go to www.bayer.us.

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Bayer® and the Bayer Cross® are registered trademarks of Bayer.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release may contain forward-looking statements based on current assumptions and forecasts made by Bayer management. Various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors could lead to material differences between the actual future results, financial situation, development or performance of the company and the estimates given here. These factors include those discussed in Bayer’s public reports which are available on the Bayer website at http://www.bayer.com/. The company assumes no liability whatsoever to update these forward-looking statements or to conform them to future events or developments.

References

1.Gadavist® (gadobutrol) Prescribing Information. Whippany, New Jersey, USA: Bayer Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

SOURCE Bayer

Posted: May 2016

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Source: FDA New Drug Approvals